CSO imperatives for a successful outcome document
We, the 400 civil society organisations from across the globe come together with one voice at
the 2 nd High Level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-‐operation.
We join in taking stock of the implementation of development effectiveness principles and
commitments. We share the aspiration to position the Global Partnership to effectively
contribute to implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Addis
Ababa Action Agenda.
At the close of the first day, we collectively reflect on how far we have come and the challenges
that still face us.
On our Core Business: Effective Development Co-‐operation Commitments
CSOs are concerned that the latest draft of the Nairobi Outcome Document fails to reaffirm the
effective development co-‐operation commitments made since Paris. Further, it is unacceptable
to define development co-‐operation simply as a catalyst for other forms of financing. This
definition ignores the value of using public funds to intervene for the public good in an inclusive
and accountable manner.
We call upon all parties to the GPEDC to focus on ways effective development co-‐operation can
support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We strongly recommend the
universal application of effective development co-‐operation principles through an inclusive
monitoring framework with clear indicators that recognise the multidimensionality of
On Civic Space and the Enabling Environment
We demand the Nairobi Outcome Document to have an explicit reference to the shrinking and
closing space for civil society, and clearly reference the Busan commitment on providing
enabling environment for civil society. However, the negotiations are still contentious in
recognising the situation of CSOs in many countries and upholding previous commitments to
create an enabling environment for CSOs.
We urge the comprehensive alignment of country-‐level legal and regulatory frameworks with
human rights standards. Further, we demand and commit to work in facilitating and effectively
institutionalising CSO spaces, multi-‐stakeholder partnerships and social dialogue. We recall the
Istanbul Principles on CSO Development Effectiveness in pursuing our own effectiveness and
On the Role of Private Sector in Development
CSOs note that the current dominant discourse in GPEDC is to unleash the potential of
development co-‐operation to attract private investments. It is deeply alarming that the
challenge of leaving no-‐one behind is being promoted as an opportunity for private capital to
develop markets. Our experience on the ground has shown that private capital is not an
instrument to address inequality. Further, there is little evidence to support the claims that
private investments effectively raise public revenue or drive down the cost of access to goods
We demand for all stakeholders to ensure business and corporate accountability and
transparency in the context of development co-‐operation programmes. Recognising that an
increasing role for the private sector in development presents inherent risks, we therefore call
for the role of the private sector in development co-‐operation to be consistent and accountable
with the Busan principles, as well as labour, environmental, and other human rights standards.
On the GPEDC Mandate
We are concerned that there seems to be a move towards diluting GPEDC’s mandate of
strengthening the effectiveness of development co-‐operation. GPEDC’s added value must not be
merely to provide country-‐level data to the UN, as this would constitute a rejection of GPEDC’s
distinctive traits, especially its inclusive multi-‐stakeholder character.
We call on all parties to uphold the integrity of the EDC agenda to contribute in implementing
the SDGs. We reaffirm the unique multi-‐stakeholder character of GPEDC and ask that this be
demonstrated through genuine inclusiveness and parity in leadership and representation.
Global Meeting – HLM2 – Speech delivered at the Opening Session – KICC, Nairobi, Kenya: November 28, 2016.
TETET LAURON – Co- Chair, Policy Advocacy – CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) and CPDE Representative in the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC);
Your Excellency Mr. President, Honorable Ministers, distinguished guests,
I wish to thank the government of Kenya and the Co-Chairs of the Global Partnership for inviting me to speak during this opening session of the second High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership. It is an important recognition that the civil society organisations I represent are independent development actors in their own right. We are here to speak, we are here to act, and we are here to collaborate with all of you for a more effective development co-operation.
First, civil society organisations are here to speak. What I mean by this is that we feel compelled to recall the long history of aid and development effectiveness commitments, fifteen years of hard work, promises, deep policy discussions and best practices that risk being forgotten in the face of new competing priorities. Don’t get me wrong. Civil society fully supports the Sustainable Development Goals and will do its part to achieve them. But this should not come at the expense of the effective development co-operation agenda, which remains crucial to those who are furthest behind. We will continue to uphold the commitments made in Paris, Accra, Busan, Mexico City and Nairobi because we believe in mutual accountability. We know from our experience at grassroots level that mutual accountability does produce results when there is trust based on promises met.
Second, we are here to act. If there’s one thing we have learned from the first two Progress Reports of the Global Partnership is that we are moving forward too slowly. In some cases, we are stuck or even going backwards. Civil society organisations are determined to help move in the right direction. By turning our Istanbul Principles on CSO Development Effectiveness into everyday action, we want to improve our intervention locally and globally to help deliver development results to the people who need them most. Today, we recommit to walk the talk and hope each Global Partnership member will do the same.
Third, we are here to collaborate. Delivering effective development co-operation in the context of Agenda 2030 will require everyone’s contribution – and we civil society organisations cannot fulfill our full potential to contribute if we are being constricted, harassed or killed. We need your help to preserve an environment that allows all of us to operate safely and productively.
You may be thinking now “Here they go again. Civil society ranting time!”. In fact, what I am saying concerns all of us. Only two years ago many of us were sitting in another big room like this one for the first High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership. You may recall a brave social entrepreneur, Sabeen Mahmoud, who came to the High-Level Meeting to share her experience as a social activist and start-up founder. Perhaps you even shook her hand. Last year Sabeen was shot dead while driving her car because of her human rights work. She was only 40. I would like us to take a few moments to remember Sabeen.
When civil society is struck at its core by violence, repression and intolerance, the whole of society suffers. Sabeen used to say: “Fear is just a line in your head. You can choose what side of that line you want to be on”. I hope we can forge a stronger Global Partnership at this High-Level Meeting and choose to be together on the side of progress – for people, for planet, for prosperity, and for peace.
Migrants, Diasporas and Development Effectiveness
I would like to thank the Global Council of CPDE for this historical opportunity to present on our proposed establishment of a constituency of Migrants and Diasporas within the CPDE.
I am also currently the chairperson of the International Migrants Alliance or IMA – a first global alliance of grassroots migrants and refugees with more than 150 member organizations from 40 countries in all global regions.
Last year, we in IMA submitted to the CPDE Global Council an Expression of Interest to create a constituency for 244 migrants and 65.3 millions of displaced people including 21.3 millions refugees and 10 million stateless people in the world.
We sincerely appreciate for interest of Global Council in this endeavor. The support provided by CPDE has enabled us to start the process of developing this constituency.
Let me just reiterate the motto of motivation and declaration that IMA adopted and continue to uphold from the time of our establishment in 2008. In IMA, we said that: “For a long time, others spoke on our behalf. Now we speak for ourselves.”
Since then, we did and we continue to grab every opportunity and beyond create all possible spaces for migrants and displaced peoples – especially from the grassroots – to speak, engage and be involved actors for human rights, justice, and development.
Last 17 and 18 of September in New York City, migrants and diaspora organizations gathered for the second time in a conference to further explored the development effectiveness agenda of our sector. We also formulate initial plans on education, outreach, advocacy and engagement.
The conference was a follow up of our preliminary discussions conducted in Istanbul last October 2015 but also solidified our analyses based on the sharing of grassroots participations on the realities that migrant, diaspora and refugee faced on the ground.
Following are the major points that we united on:
- Official development assistance (ODA) and development policies should address the root causes of forced displacement and respond to the rights and wellbeing of migrants and diaspora. However, ODA failed to address unemployment, underemployment, landlessness, constricting access to social services, and climate change-induced displacement. Worst, ODA-funded projects and programs also lay the ground for forced national and international displacement
- Especially in Asian countries, labor export programs are further systematized with private businesses, particularly placement agencies, providing increased opportunities for unregulated profit-making from the migration process. Services are not made available by governments for those in crisis and adequate protection is not provided for those in transit.
- Development aid is increasingly being used to fund border security measures which also the reason on the growing trend of increased criminalization of migrants and refugees.
- Current development discussions relating to migration are often inappropriately centred on the utilisation and maximisation of economic remittances and other economic contributions of migrants. Greater focus should be directed at creating economic, political and social conditions that will address the root causes of displacement and forced migration, as well as ensure an end to precarity of migrants in host countries
- Engagement of migrants and diaspora organisations has been improving in different national, regional and international spaces which have resulted in some significant gains. However, disparities and gaps in engaging these spaces persist.
- The promotion of legal instruments such as relevant UN conventions and ILO agreements lack the necessary political action and commitment to bring genuine change.
To date, migrant and diaspora organizations engaged in migration and development effectiveness discussions consist of grassroots groups and grassroots-based CSOs doing work with migrants or refugees. They are based on all global regions.
The New York meeting resolved to conduct more outreach to migrant/diaspora organizations with attention to the further marginalized sections of the sector – migrant youth, migrant women, migrant LGBTs and migrants with disabilities.
Education on development effectiveness and how it relates to their current work and strategic objectives was identified to be crucial. Outreach for partnership purpose will also be done to other sectors.
Meanwhile, some of the concrete engagement opportunities in the international level include the annual Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD), the High Level Political Forum on Agenda 2030, and the process leading to the creation of the global compacts on migrants and refugees.
The Global Compact led by UN engagement is especially significant for IMA, as I myself as the IMA chairperson, was given the privilege to speak as migrants CSO representative in the opening plenary of the UN General Assembly last September 19 in time of UN Summit on Migrants and Refugees.
With these, we really hope that the CPDE Global Council will agree on the importance of establishing a constituency for Migrants and Diasporas. This constituency will provide valuable inputs to the CPDE, enhance the platform of engagements in arenas discussing migration, and involve even more CSOs from the marginalized sectors into the work on development effectiveness and effective development cooperation.
Thank you very much.
Leaving No One
Actions to Improve
the Effectiveness of